foreword Stavros Dimas, EU Commissionar for Environment
978 90 5727 060 4
hardback, 888 photo's, 81 maps
J. H. Crawford : Carfree Design Manual
Crawford considers how to meld carfree planning with innovative designing methods to achieve carfree areas so irresistibly attractive that people will clamor for them. The book sets out to make city design accessible to everyone. This manual considers theoretical issues, urban planning processes, and a richly illustrated palette of the urban elements that make up a pleasing whole (streets, squares, gates, waterfronts, arcades, parks, courtyards).The earlier book, Carfree Cities, proposed a practical arrangement for carfree cities based on walking, bicycling, and public transport. In Carfree Design Manual J.H. Crawford considers how to meld carfree planning with innovative design methods to achieve great improvements in the quality of urban design. The goal is to make carfree cities so irresistibly attractive that people will clamor for them.
Carfree Design Manual makes city design accessible to everyone. The design of local streets will be determined by the people who will use them. The resulting places will fit the needs and desires of the residents.
Once cars are removed from city streets, a great deal of design flexibility arises. In particular, streets can be much narrower than today. Without cars, we are free to arrange the intimate, small-scale neighborhoods that people seem to prefer.
Part I considers theoretical issues in carfree city planning and design. Practice through the ages is reviewed and the influence of values is considered. Methods of analysis are discussed. Density issues are considered and illustrated.
Part II examines the urban planning processes that must be completed before design can actually begin. The influence of planning on design is considered at length. The social advantages of urban villages are discussed.
Part III presents a richly-illustrated palette of the urban elements that make up a pleasing whole. Streets, squares, buildings, and other elements are examined in detail.
Part IV turns to the actual design of a carfree district. Innovative, direct, and simple methods are proposed to allocate building sites and to engage the future residents in the design of their new neighborhood. The methods are based on the creation of urban villages, which offer a rich social life to their members. The completed neighborhoods would reflect the needs, desires, and hopes of their residents. The process should yield complex, beautiful neighborhoods that will endure because people cherish them.
J.H. Crawford was born and raised in North America. He has a masters in social work. As a youth, he traveled by train and bicycle through a Europe still relatively free of cars. He later traveled widely in North America, Asia, and Europe. He moved to Europe in 1990, dividing his time between Amsterdam and Lisbon till 2006, when he returned to America.
In 1979, as public transport ombudsman for the New Jersey Department of Transportation, a statewide bus and rail operator, he learned about most aspects of public transport operation.
While consulting with resorts in coastal South Carolina, he found that Harbour Town, a small, dense community, with a carfree quayside promenade around the harbor, gathered people in season and out, despite an entrance fee for nonresidents. He discovered Christopher Alexander’s A Pattern Language, a work that provided the theoretical basis for understanding the popularity of communities with a carfree component, such as Harbour Town. He began thinking about the urban form in the context of Alexander’s patterns and soon realized that high-quality urban life was impossible while cars still ruled the streets and occupied so much land. This eventually led to the book Carfree Cities, which appeared in 2000.
Since 1985 he has taken assignments as a software developer, designer, planning consultant, lecturer, photographer, editor, writer, and public speaker. Also see jhcrawford.com